Pakistan’s education system (Education System of Pakistan), Pakistan turned into a British province after 1858, India and Pakistan partitioned in 1947, the foundation of the Pakistani Dominion, and freedom in 1956. The population is 1158 million (in 1991), mainly including Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan, and Baloch. Over 97% of inhabitants have faith in Islam (the state religion). The mother language is Urdu and the official language is English. The gross national item per capital is US$400 (1991). The education level at this time was: 5 years in elementary school, 3 years in junior high school, 2 years in high school, 2 years in intermediate college, and 3 years in undergraduate.
Pakistan’s achievements in improving higher education have attracted worldwide attention. It’s a crucial manifestation of the rapid economic and social development within the past 73 years since the founding of Pakistan And the key engines and components of its development. But for the party and the government, this is an embarrassing problem.
Pakistan’s Education Policy and Education Development
According to Pakistan’s 1973 Constitution, the Federal Ministry of Education is responsible for formulating education policies, advancement plans, and schedules; government libraries, museums, various research institutions, Pakistani schools abroad; Professional setting, evaluation of education quality, vocational and technical training, Islamic education, copyright, development, structure, and so on.
Education Development in Pakistan
In 1992, the Pakistani government announced a new education policy to coordinate education with future economic growth and social, cultural, and political development; on this premise, the Ministry of Education has formulated an education improvement plan for the next 10 years, in which 143.368 billion will be contributed Ruble, of which private investment was 36.07 billion rubles. The policy also proposed the daily expenditures of the education sector, a sum of 264.87 billion rubles in 10 years, and private speculation of 13.184 billion rubles. The new education policy has brought Pakistan to a new stage. But despite the introduction of a new education policy, Pakistan’s educational effect is still not very obvious.
When of the 1998 evaluation, Pakistan’s population aged 10 and over had 77.151 million and 11.718 million primary and lower education separately, of which 4.229 million and 7.304 million were men and 27.222 and 4.477 million were women, individually. The two have a total of 18.936 million which is almost the same as the number of people with high school education or above. It can be seen that the level of education in Pakistan is still very low.
Islamic Education in Pakistan
Pakistan’s Islamic education features a long history, going back to the Middle Ages. Traditionally, Islamic education in Pakistan can be separated into three stages, namely, primary, secondary, and senior levels. Primary education is called Maktab education, intermediate education is called Madrasa education, and advanced education is called mosque education.
According to the traditional form of Islamic education, Pakistan at present partitions domestic religious schools into two categories. The first category is Maktab, also known as Quran schools. Such schools are commonly situated in mosques, residents’ backyards, or village squares. The main purpose of this kind of religious school is to enlighten students’ religious awareness and teach them to understand life and society from the point of view of Islam. The second type of religious school is Madrasa, which is a formal religious institution, divided into middle and high levels.
The central part mainly teaches Islamic information, and the courses include the Quran, Sunnah, Jurisprudence and Doctrine, Arabic, Persian, Mathematics, Logic, Philosophy, and Astronomy. The advanced part is specially designed to train priests. Students mainly study a large number of Islamic Arabic books to help students establish a deep understanding of Islamic teachings.
Educational issues and Measures in Pakistan
Although the Constitution of Pakistan gives elevated status to education, and although education is considered the most factor of social and economic transformation, the progress of education has been hindered by insufficient state funding and is constrained by the national economic level. The present problems in education in Pakistan mainly include the first school enrollment rate, which cannot guarantee the final graduation rate, the low quality of education, the uneven distribution of income, and also the large urban-rural gap.
Information Technology and Communication in Pakistan
The 19th Pakistan International Information Technology and Communication Exhibition 2019. Pakistan International Information Technology and Communication Exhibition was founded in 2001 and has been successfully held for 18 sessions thus far. It’s become a large-scale information technology and telecommunications exhibition in Pakistan. World-renowned brands actively participated in the exhibition, exhibiting new products and technologies; here, the user group can study a large range of technologies and solutions. More importantly, the exhibition provides a wonderful B2B platform, providing opportunities for achieving a win-win situation.
ITCN has played a key role in building Pakistan’s position on the world map of the IT industry, attracting loads of domestic and foreign investment for the country. Consistent with statistics, so far, over 2,300 foreign delegations from 97 countries have participated in the exhibition in time and 55,000 local and personal enterprises in Pakistan. After several years of diligence, ITCN ASIA has developed from a complicated exhibition to a world professional exhibition.
Internet Development in Pakistan
In recent years, Pakistan’s e-commerce development has been very rapid, and online retail is that the most significant. Consistent with the statistics of the financial institution of Pakistan, the amount of Pakistani e-commerce companies that completed bank registration surged from 344 to 905 in 2017 alone. Among them, not only include comprehensive online shopping platforms like Daraz but also specialized shopping websites that focus only on beauty, cosmetics, care, electronics, etc. additionally, major physical brands have also launched online shopping services.
Consistent with the author’s observation, there have been only two or three mature shopping websites in Pakistan in 2015, with a single product category and limited appeal. After 2016, online shopping platforms of all sizes suddenly seemed like mushrooms, dazzling. A prosperous market naturally brings huge profit returns. Statistics show that Pakistan’s e-commerce transactions in 2017 were US$622 million, and in 2015 it was only US$60 million to US$100 million. According to projections, its 2020 transaction volume is expected to exceed 1 billion US dollars.